Snake Identification

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Below you will find a list of Australian snakes. Find out mor about Australian snakes by liking our facebook page. The list below represents a small selection of the snakes of Australia.

Green Tree Snake

(Dendrelaphis punctulata)

Toxicity:Non-venomous

Frequency:Very common

Behaviour:Active day and night and usually timid

The common tree snake Dendrelaphis punctulata (also called green tree snake and Australian tree snake) is a slender, large-eyed, non-venomous, diurnal snake of many parts of Australia, especially in the northern and eastern coastal areas, and into Papua New Guinea.


This common snake is virtually harmless (some bite if provoked), readily recognised as it is an agile snake with a very slender body and tail. The body colour varies from green to olive-green to black, frequently pale yellow on the throat and belly but other pale colours have been noted, blue flecks are present on the flank. Eyes are larger than in most snakes. Found in a variety of habitats ranging from rainforest to woodland to urban areas where it preys on fish, frogs and small animals.


For more information and photos of the Green Tree Snake, sometimes incorrectly called the Yellow Belly Black Snake, see More about the Green Tree Snake

Eastern Brown Snake

(Pseudonaja textilis)

Toxicity:Highly Venomous

Frequency:Found in rural & suburban areas

Behaviour:Will strike aggressively and is very dangerous if provoked

Adult eastern brown snakes are highly variable in colour. Whilst usually a uniform shade of brown, they can have various patterns including speckles and bands, and range from a very pale fawn colour through to black, including orange, silver, yellow and grey. Juveniles can be banded and have a black head, with a lighter band behind, a black nape, and numerous red-brown spots on the belly.


This species has an average length of 1.5 to 1.8 m and it is rarely larger than 2 m. Large eastern brown snakes are often confused with "king brown" snakes (Pseudechis australis), whose habitat they share in many areas.


For more information and photos of the Eastern Brown Snake More about the Eastern Brown Snake

Carpet Python

(Morelia spilota)

Toxicity:Non venomous

Frequency:Common in urban areas

Behaviour:Typically sedate however may bite if provoked

Variations of the species are found throughout urban Australia including Brisbane, Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide, Perth and Darwin. Typically not found in arid areas.

Non venomous however it is known to bite in defence if provoked or threatened. Bites can become infected. The Carpet Python is known to both climb an hide on the ground. This snake is known to grow very large and can consume large prey such as full size chickens, possums and even cats. Typically feeds on birds, possums, bats and ground vermin. They kill their prey by constriction and consume it whole. Rejected food, either due to size or the fact the snake is disturbed, often leaves a snail like shiny or crusty film on the intended prey.

They often find a comfy habitat and live there for many years. This is why you may see the one snake many times. They have a life span of 15 - 20 years.

Black Headed Python

(Aspidites melanocephalus)

Toxicity:Non Venomous

Frequency:Found in northern humid to semi arid areas

Behaviour:Will strike aggressively if provoked

Found in northern regions of Australia they have a very distinctive appearance. They, being a python, are non venomous.They live in a number of habitats and are often found in rocky areas. They thrive in the humid tropics however are also found in semi-arid areas.

Childrens Python

(Antaresia childreni)

Toxicity:Non Venomous

Frequency:Found in extreme north/north western Australia

Behaviour:Typically good natured

This snake was given it's name from it's discoverer John George Children and not because it's the ideal pet for children. That being said they are great pets as due to the fact they are easy to keep, good natured and live for up to 30 years.They are found in the very north of Australia and enjoy the warmth. Like many snakes they feed infrequently.

Colletts Snake

(Pseudechis colletti)

Toxicity:Highly Venomous

Frequency:Found in western Queenslands dry barren areas

Behaviour:May defend and strike if provoked

Highly venomous! Bites from this snake should be treated with the utmost urgency. Call triple 000 and apply first aid. The snake in the photo is spectacular however they are generally more plain coloured. They are often just variations of brown. The Colletts Snake is found in the dry areas of western Queensland.

Death Adder

(Acanthophis)

Toxicity:Highly Venomous

Frequency:East coast and throughout Australia

Behaviour:Will strike incredibly fast if provoked

Highly venomous! Bites from this snake should be treated with the utmost urgency. Call triple 000 and apply first aid. They are in the top 10 with regards to toxicity. They are a short snake however they are one of the fastest striking snakes in the world. Bites are rarely fatal in Australia due to first aid, anti-venom and the slower acting nature of the venom.

Diamond Python

(Morelia spilota)

Toxicity:Non Venomous

Frequency:Wide variety of habitats throughout Australia

Behaviour:Generally well behaved however may bite if provoked

The Diamond Python is non venomous. This snake is from the same family as the Carpet Python and exhibits much the same characteristics.

Eastern Tiger Snake

(Notechis scutatus)

Toxicity:Extremely Venomous

Frequency:Southern coastal areas of Australia

Behaviour:Can be very aggressive if provoked

Highly venomous! Bites from this snake should be treated with the utmost urgency. Call triple 000 and apply first aid. Very aggressive if cornered! Typically found in the southern areas of Australia including Victoria & Tasmania. One species was recorded on Stradbroke Island in south east Queensland.

Inland Taipan

(Oxyuranus microlepidotus)

Toxicity:Most venomous land snake

Frequency:Western Queensland

Behaviour:Can be very aggressive if provoked

The most venomous land snake in the world. Bites from this snake should be treated with the utmost urgency. Call triple 000 and apply first aid. Very aggressive if cornered and significant bite range. Found in inland Australia in arid areas means it is rarely seen. Typically up to 2m but can be larger.

Red Bellied Black Snake

(Pseudechis porphyriacus)

Toxicity:Extremely Venomous

Frequency:Common in southern and eastern Australia

Behaviour:Can be very aggressive if provoked

Bites from this snake should be treated with the utmost urgency. Call triple 000 and apply first aid. Found from South Australia all the way up the east coast into Queensland. The Red Belly Black Snake is often glossy black with vivid red flanks and belly.Typically found near waterways with plenty of vegetation.

Brown Tree Snake

(Boiga irregularis)

Toxicity:Mildly venomous. Apply first aid & seek medical advice

Frequency:Common in northern and eastern Australia & south to Sydney.

Behaviour:Can be aggressive if provoked

Sometimes finds its way into building and roofs. Fast agile climber clearly discernible by it's head and eyes. It's head is typically much wider than it's neck and it's eyes are a magical cat like appearance. The Brown Tree Snake lays eggs. They are also rear gooved fanged.



King Brown Snake / Mulga Snake

(Pseudechis australis)

Toxicity:Highly venomous

Frequency:Most of inland Australia

Behaviour:Can be very aggressive if provoked

One of the largest venomous snakes in the world. It's size makes it one of the most well known! The King Brown or Mulga snake can produce significant quantities of venom. It eats a variety of prey and hids in ground cover. Like many of the venomous it is a good idea to keep debris away from the house and the grass mown. The King Brown likes wood piles, sheets of metal and anything else it can hide under.


Check out this great King Brown Hoax


For more information and photos of the King Brown Snake More about the King Brown / Mulga Snake



Dugite

(Pseudonaja affinis)

Toxicity:Highly venomous

Frequency:Southern Western Australia

Behaviour:Usually timid however can be very aggressive if provoked

A member of the brown snake family, Pseudonaja genus, with potentially fatal venom. Like the other members of the brown snake family they are active by day. They are most active during their breeding season which is around October and November. Unlike their close relatives they are only found in southern WA including Perth. The Dugite, like most snakes, will generally avoid people if given the chance. In times of drought, food shortages or breeding season they may cross paths with people. Never try to remove one of these yourself, always call your local snake catcher.



For free snake identification please SMS your local snake catcher with a clear photo.